Karadayan Nonbu | Significance, Pooja Procedure & Recipes
Karadayan Nonbu or Savitri Vratham is a traditional tamilnadu festival of fasting wherein married women will pray for the wellness and long life of their husbands. This nonbu should be done exactly in the time when tamil month ‘Masi’ ends and the next month ‘Panguni’ starts. The reason why this fasting is carried out is that “Savithri fought with yema to save her husband’s life”, the sameway the married women should fast on this auspicious day for long life of their husbands.
Karadayan Nonbu – Story Behind
Savitri – Satyavan Story is the main reason we celebrate Karadayan Nonbu. Savitri is a legendry women who first started observing this fast. Lets see the story behind.
Long ago, there lived a king called Astapathi. He had a daughter named Savitri. The king had told his daughter that she had the freedom to choose her husband. One day Savithri was walking in a forest and she saw a young man carrying a pole with 2 baskets. Inside the baskets his parents were seated. Both his parents were blind and hence the young man (Satyavan) was serving them by carrying them. Seeing this devoted man, Savitri decided to marry him and told her father about her wish.
King Astapathi wanted to fulfill the wishes of his daughter and therefore enquired Sage Narad about the boy. Narad said that Satyavan was a prince and son of the kingly couple he was carrying. This family was driven out by the enemies after their kingdom was captured. However, Narad also cautioned that this boy would live not more than a year as per his horoscope. However, Savitri was persistent in her demand that she would marry only Satyavan. King Ashtapati had to yield to her request with no other way and the marriage happened.
After marriage, for an year, Savitri and Satyavan lived happily. But, Savitri was aware that the death of Satyavan was approaching soon. She was observing strict vrats and was engaged in ardent prayers. On the day when the month of Masi would merge in to Panguni, Lord Yama arrived to take away the life of Satyavan who fell dead. Savitri persistently made efforts to follow Lord Yama who is taking away the soul of Satyavan. Seeing her vrat and her persistent efforts, Lord Yama was pleased. He decided to grant her with 3 boons.
Boons asked by Savitri
Savitri was so intelligent and she decided to use her opportunity. She asked 3 boons
- To get back the prosperity to the family of Satyavan
- Bless her father with a son and ;
- Bless her virtuous sons to through Satyavan.
To fulfill the third boon, Yama had to leave Satyavan back to live with her. In this way, Savitri won the life of her husband with her diligence, chastity prayers and cleverness.
So this festival is also known as Savitri vratam in Tamil / Savitri Vrat in Hindi. On this day, Women observe fasting and pray for the wellness and long life of their husbands. This nonbu/vrat should be done exactly in the time when Tamil month ‘Masi’ ends and the next month ‘Panguni’ starts. Fast is observed from the sunrise on the supposed transition day and ends with the Puja.Women break the fast by eating the Karadai (Made of Rice & dal) preparation with unmelted butter by chanting a slokha.
In short, the reason why this fasting is carried out is that “ Savithri fought with yama (the God of Death) to save her husband’s (Satyavan) life”, the same way the married women should fast on this auspicious day for long life of their husbands. Unmarried woman also observe Karadaiyan Nombu and pray to Goddess to get good men as their husband.Prayers are offered to Gowri Devi and women meditate on Savitiri and wear a yellow thread round their neck.
When to perform Nonbu in 2022 ?
This year (2022) the date for karadayan nonbu is 14th March. From the morning ladies need do be in fasting till the time for nonbu saradu. As per Panchangam, the muhurtam (auspicious time) for tying Nonbu Saradu is between 11:45pm to 12.30 AM IST (as per Vakkiya Panjankam).
How to Perform Karadayan Nonbu Pooja ?
The neivehdyam for this fasting is Karadayan Nonbu Adai with butter along with vetrilai, pakku, pazham and cocunut. We should get yellow ropes that has to be tied by all the women in a house. In each of the rope small flower is tied up and one rope should be put in the Kamakshi amman picture and the rest should be tied up by all women in the house.
தோரம் க்ருஹ்ணாமி சுபகே ஸஹாரித்ரம் தராம்யஹம்
பர்துஹு ஆயுஷ்ய ஸித்யர்த்தம் சுப்ரீதா பவ ஸர்வதா
“உருகாத வெண்ணெயும், ஓர் அடையும் நோற்று உனக்கு நான் வைத்தேன், எந்நாளும் என் கணவர் எனை விட்டு நீங்காத அருள் தருவாய்”
“Urugadha Vennayam oru adayum vaithu nonbu notren oru nallum en kanavar piriyamal iruka vendum“
This should be chanted while tying up the rope in the neck. Even the young girls of more than one year old should tie up these ropes to get the blessings of God.